Eryngium yuccifolium, Rattlesnake Master


Historical Uses:

The Cherokee Nation was reported to use decoctions to prevent whooping cough and infusions held in the mouth for toothaches. The Muscogee Nation was reported to use cold infusions of pounded roots taken for neuralgia and kidney troubles as well as to cleanse the system and purify the blood. E. yuccifolium was also taken with “Deer potato” for rheumatism.


E. yuccifolium is an excellent and unusual addition to any garden or restoration plan. It is highly attractive to bees, wasps, and beetles. It is also the host plant for the Rattlesnake Master Borer Moth (Papaipema eryngii). Take care when collecting seed as the seeds can be quite sharp.




  • Listing ID: 1129
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Soil Moisture: 1-5 (dry to wet): 2-4
  • Stratification: 90-120 days cold moist stratification
  • Bloom Time: June-August
  • Family: Apiaceae (Carrot)
  • Sunlight Exposure: Full sun
  • Latin Name: Eryngium yuccifolium
  • Common Name: Rattlesnake Master, Button Eryngo
  • Eco-Region: 251