Desmanthus illinoensis, Illinois Bundle Flower


Historical Uses:

The Pawnee Nation was reported to use decoctions of leaves to wash rashes and itchy areas. Mature plants with seed-filled pods were given to children as rattles to mimic dances.

The Ponca Nation was known to have used the mature seed pods as rattles for children.


Seed pods of D. illinoensis are highly attractive to bids and the foliage is considered palatable and nutritious for wildlife. The seed pods are also high in nutrients and as a result, we often include a few D. illinoensis in restoration and garden plantings.


  • Listing ID: 1121
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Soil Moisture: 1-5 (dry to wet): 2-4
  • Stratification: No stratification required, scarification required
  • Bloom Time: June-August
  • Family: Fabaceae (Bean)
  • Sunlight Exposure: Partial shade to full sun
  • Latin Name: Desmanthus illinoensis
  • Common Name: Illinois Bundle Flower, Prairie Bundle Flower
  • Eco-Region: 251, 255