Oenothera biennis, Common Evening Primrose


Historical Uses:

The Cherokee tribe was reported to use O. biennis as a food source. They cooked leaves for greens, boiled roots like potatoes, and ate seeds.



O. biennis produce numerous seed pods containing many viable seeds and are very hardy plants. Lower leaves often have a slight red tint. Host plant to the Primrose Moth (Schinia florida), most likely to be found in the Northern and Western United States.

  • Listing ID: 1180
  • Duration: Biennial
  • Soil Moisture: 1-5 (dry to wet): 1-3
  • Stratification: No stratification required, light required for germination
  • Bloom Time: July-October
  • Family: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)
  • Sunlight Exposure: Partial shade to full sun
  • Latin Name: Oenothera biennis
  • Common Name: Common Evening Primrose
  • Eco-Region: 251